Definition of Taxonomy

Definition of TaxonomyTaxonomy is actually the science of describing, naming and classifying organisms and contains all animals, plants and microorganisms from the world. Using behavioural, morphological, genetic and biochemical observations, taxonomists identify, describe and arrange species into classifications, which includes those that are fresh to science.

Taxonomy enumerates and identifies the elements of biological diversity providing basic understanding underpinning management and implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity. Unfortunately, taxonomic understanding is far from complete. In the past 250 years of study, taxonomists have named about 1.78 million species of plants, animals and micro-organisms, yet the overall number of species is not known and probably between 5 and 30 million. 

How to Name a Species: the Taxonomic Process

Taxonomists start by sorting specimens to split up sets they believe symbolize species. When the specimens are sorted the next task is to see whether or not they already have names. This might involve working via identification guides, reading descriptions written perhaps 200 years ago and borrowing named specimens from herbaria or museums to compare with the sample.

Taxonomy of Humans

Aristotle is credited with making the first classification system greater than 2,000 years back. He classified living things as animal or plant based on their appearance. This system had been expanded later on by the Romans to be more specific down to the individual organism types, for example elm tree or a cow. As more organisms have been classified and identified, more terms were needed to separate related organisms, including two kinds of dog. So new organisms have been classified by using extended descriptors, which at some point became cumbersome to utilize as more organisms developed the need for additional words.

Carolus Linnaeus, a Swedish naturalist, started the struggle to classify all living things through proposing a binomial or two-name system. In this model, the genus is the very first name and the species is the 2nd name, with the first letter of the genus name usually capitalized. Therefore, every organism is sorted by a species classification, genus, for example Homo sapien for man. Linnaeus also proposed to expand the genus-species nomenclature to contain larger units of likeness, for recognizing lengthy degrees of kinship. Nowadays, the categories are still depending on Linnaeus's work.

Taxonomy Classification

Taxonomy classification is the science of organisms. Biologists categorize organisms according to their evolutionary interactions, using a hierarchical system of grouping by discussed features. The basic unit of existence on Earth is exactly what biologists refer to as the species. Even though concept of a natural unit with regard to classification is essential to many fields inside the biological sciences, biologists are much from agreeing on its exact definition and the meaning of a species may differ somewhat according to the type of biologist you question.  

The biological species concept says that a species is a series of population or a populations whose associates are able to interbreed openly under natural circumstances and who do not breed with other species. Although you can find exceptions to and difficulties with this definition, it works for many organisms. A simpler method to define species, which is not complete however will work for younger audiences, is that a species is a unit of classification that describes a population (group) or series of populations (group) of closely similar and related organisms. 

Latest Articles

Interesting Facts about Platinum

Scientists analyzed samples of the metal following European exploration of the region started. Platinum has been used by ancient people in Central and South America.

Cool Facts about Gold

Not many chemicals can attack gold, so thatís why it maintains it shine even when buried for 1000ís of years. When compared with other metals, gold is much softer. One can beat 1 gram of gold to a 1 square meter sheet and light would shine via that sheet.

Interesting Facts about Wind Energy

One wind turbine can power as much as 500 homes. Wind mills date all the way back to the year 2000 BC where they were utilized in China.

Interesting Facts about Fruit

Fruit is beautiful, tasty and great for all us. Fruit is also interesting. Listed here is a brief collection of interesting facts about fruit.

Facts about the Rock Cycle

Liquid rock which cools quickly after exposure to the Earthís atmosphere are fine-grained and known as extrusive. Obsidian is an example of this kind of rock.