Topics of interest to ecologists contain the diversity, amount (biomass), distribution, number (population) of organisms as well as competition between them among and within ecosystems. Ecosystems are made up of dynamically interacting parts such as organisms, the communities they constitute and the non-living components of their environment.
Ecosystem procedures, such as main production, nutrient cycling, pedogenesis and different niche construction activities, regulate the flux of matter and energy via an environment. These procedures are sustained by organisms with certain life history traits and the range of organisms is referred to as biodiversity. Biodiversity, which means varieties of genes, species and ecosystems, improves certain ecosystem services.
Ecology is actually the relationship of living things to one another and to what's around them. Therefore, if you are studying about what types of relationships fish have with other animals (including us) and plants in their neighborhood, then you are studying about ecology.
The term ECOLOGY originates from Greek words meaning study of the household. Meaning that ecology is the analysis of the household of living things: their neighbors and neighborhood.
Ecology includes not just how living things communicate with each other, however how they interact with their physical environment: things including water, climate and soil.
Ecologists are the scientists who study ecology. They are curious and like to master about living things through seeing what occurs, observing them and recording what they find. This is all part of the scientific method.
Ecologists are professional scientists who study ecosystems and assess the profusion, diversity and behaviour of the various organisms within them.
These guys often work for environmental trusts, government agencies, research institutes and conservation charities.
As an ecologist, you will spend a great deal of your time out in the field, performing scientific investigations, classifying animals, plants and other organisms and recording the data which you accumulate.
Once you have carried out surveys using state of the art equipment, including geographical information systems (GIS), you will spend your time in a laboratory or office analysing, unravelling and evaluating the data which you have collected.
You will then be tasked with introducing the data in a concise and accessible way. You will utilize the reports you write to influence environmental policy and offer specialist advice to architects, engineers, town planners and members of the public.
Part of your role may also involve educating local communities about environmental issues and ecosystems within their area.