How is Acid Rain Produced

How is Acid Rain ProducedFor the last 10 years, this phenomenon has brought destruction to 1000s of lakes and streams in the Canada, United States and parts of Europe. Acid rain is formed when oxides of nitrogen and sulfite mix with moisture in the atmosphere to produce sulfuric acids and nitric. These acids could be carried away far from its origin.

The two main sources of acid rain are oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and sulfur dioxide (SO2). Sulfur dioxide is actually a colourless, prudent gas released like a byproduct of combusted fossil fuels made up of sulfur. A number of industrial processes, including the production of steel and iron, utility factories and crude oil processing generate this gas.

Facts about Acid Rain

Acid rain isn't just rain; acid snow, acid fog or mist, acid gas, and acid dust all have the same effect as acid rain.

Acid rain is carries the chemicals sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxide.

Lakes and streams are normally acidic, but acid rain can make them so acidic that it damages animal and plant life.

Most acid rain problems are caused by large coal burner plants in the West.

Areas can become very hazy and foggy due to acid rain.

Acid rain can cause a mass killing to trees.

Even people in exceptional health could have their lungs damaged by this acid air.

Acid rain (which is linked with acid air pollution) has been linked to breathing and lung problems in children, and people who have asthma.

Stone buildings and monuments are targets of damage from acid rain.

Causes of Acid Rain

Scientists have found that air pollution through burning of fossil fuels is the main cause of acid rain. The primary chemicals in air pollution that produce acid rain are nitrogen (NOx) and sulfur dioxide (SO2). Acid rain generally forms high in the clouds in which nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide respond with oxygen, water and oxidants. This combination forms a mild solution of nitric acid and sulfuric acid. Sunlight raises the rate of many of these reactions.

Rainwater, fog, snow and other types of precipitation made up of those mild solutions of nitric and sulfuric acids fall to planet as acid rain. Acid rain does not account for many of the acidic particles and gases onto cars, buildings, trees and home. Occasionally, these particles and gases can eat away the things where they settle. Dry deposited gases and particles are occasionally washed from trees and other surfaces by rainstorms.

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