Physiology and Anatomy




Physiology and AnatomyAnatomy is the analysis of the structure and connection between body parts. Physiology is the analysis of the function of body parts and the body in general. Some specializations within all these sciences follow: Gross (macroscopic) anatomy is the study of parts of the body visible to the naked eye, including the bones or heart.

Histology is the study of tissues at the microscopic level.

Cytology is the research of cells at the microscopic level.

Neurophysiology is the study of the way the nervous system functions.

Anatomic terminology

In order to correctly identify areas of our bodies, clearly described anatomical terms are employed. These terms refer to our bodies in the anatomical position standing erect, arms down at the side, facing forward, with the palms turned forward.

Physiological Ecology

Ecology is always the union of numerous areas of research because its definition is really all-encompassing. You can find many types of relationships among organisms and their environment. By organisms one may mean single individuals, groups of individuals, all the associates of one species, the amount of many species or the whole mass of species (biomass) in an ecosystem. And the word environment includes not just chemical and physical characteristics but also the biological environment, which involves yet more organisms.

Physiological ecology asks how organisms make it through in their environments. There is usually a focus on extreme circumstances, such as very hot or very cold environments or aquatic environments with uncommonly high salt concentrations. Samples of the questions it may explore are: Where temperatures in many cases are high and freestanding water is never available, How do some animals flourish in the driest deserts, How do bacteria survive in hot springs.

Physiological Process

The term physiological is described as characteristic of the wellness or normal working of an organism. Physiological is actually defined as something that is of or linked to physiology. The word physiology is thought as the sciences which research the functions of the body and the important processes of living things, no matter whether they are animals or plants.

Physiology is linked to the natural biological processes that take place in the body of a living organism or, in other word, the normal functions carried out by the body of a living organism. The term physiology is a mixture of two Greek words, namely the term physis, this means nature and the word logos, which means word. It is the analysis of the physical, mechanical and biochemical functions of living organisms.

Physiological is actually the adjective type of the noun physiology. This is the science of the functions of living organisms and their parts. It also means functions themselves. For example, a physiological disease is one due to a problem or failure with how a body functions (eg heart disease.)





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