Uses of Nuclear Reactions:
Environmental and climate change: It permits us to explore the world on the atomic level, therefore delivering unparalleled levels of detail and insights that are not possible using other techniques.
Human health: Nuclear radiology and medicine are the medical methods that include the usage of radioactivity or radiation to treat, diagnose and stop disease.
Food and agriculture: Is used to maintain food fresh longer and destroy germs.
Three hazards of nuclear reactivity is:
1. higher rate of cancer
2. radioactive waste
3. genetic damge to future generations
Many types of nuclear reactions happen in response to the absorption of particles including protons or neutrons. Other types of reactions might involve the scattering of gamma rays or the absorption of gamma rays. Of particular note is the resonant absorption of gamma rays within the Mossbauer effect.
Certain nuclear reactions can be written down in a way similar to chemical reaction equations. If a target nucleus X is bombarded with a particle a and leads to a nucleus Y with emitted particle b, this is generally written in one of two ways.
a+x->Y+b or x(a,b)Y
We can characterize the energetics of the reaction with a reaction energy Q, described as the energy launched in the reaction. The Q is positive if the entire mass of the products is lower than that of the projectile and target, indicating that the overall nuclear binding energy has improved. The probability of certain type of nuclear reaction occurring is often explained as a cross section.
The future of sustainable energy likely depends upon the invention of Low Energy Nuclear Reactions, occasionally known as cold fusion. From geo-economics, space exploration and geo-politics to solving the planet's climate and energy problems such a device, by itself, can revolutionize the world.
Imagine a world where there is no require for power grids or gasoline, in which every community, family or office can produce their own power via a device that could replace water heaters, operating self sustainably. Physics could ultimately be far separated from politics.
Via a type of nuclear reaction that takes place near room temperature, low energy nuclear reactions could generate energy that is much safer, cleaner, simpler and cheaper than any other energy source presently known.
The procedure works fundamentally by merging hydrogen with nickel, after which a transmutation takes place to form copper and energy including electricity and heat.