What Happens in Nuclear Fission

What Happens in Nuclear FissionTherefore, fission is a type of elemental transmutation.

The by-products contain free neutrons, photons usually in the type gamma rays and other nuclear fragments including alpha particles and beta particles. 

Fission of large elements is an exothermic reaction and can release substantial sums of useful energy both as kinetic energy and as gamma rays of the fragments (heating the bulk material in which fission takes place).

Nuclear fission generates energy for nuclear power and to drive explosion of nuclear weapons.

Nuclear Fission Process

Nuclear fission is either a radioactive decay or a nuclear reaction process where the nucleus of a particle breaks into smaller parts (lighter nuclei). The fission process frequently produces photons (in the type of gamma rays) and free neutrons and releases an extremely large sum of energy even by the energetic standards of radioactive decay.

Nuclear fission of heavy components was found on December 17, 1938 by Otto Hahn and his helper Fritz Strassmann and described theoretically in January 1939 by Lise Meitner and her nephew Otto Robert Frisch. Frisch called the process by analogy with biological fission of living cells. It is an exothermic reaction which can release large sums of energy both as kinetic energy and as electromagnetic radiation of the fragments.

Advantages of Nuclear Fission

Nuclear fission is an alternative supply of energy to nonrenewable fossil fuels. Because the first commercial nuclear power plant within the 1950s, debate has raged about the security of this means of generating electricity.

In nuclear fission, energy is produced from the fission of plutonium, uranium or thorium atoms. Many nuclear power plants utilize enriched uranium. When an atom of uranium absorbs a neutron, it fissions or splits, into 2 segments and other particles that reach higher speeds.

Advantages: Nuclear fission is an efficient supply of power. The energy launched from the fission of the atom of uranium is ten million times the energy made from the combustion of a carbon atom in coal. As fission makes use of less more than that employed by coal plants, the environmental costs related to its mining and transport, including fuel for transportation and pollution through the transport trucks, are also reduced.

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