You can find various divisions of chemistry such as physical, organic, analytical, inorganic etc, the environmental chemistry is a department of chemical science.
The environmental chemistry is regarded as a broad field. Environmental chemistry deals with the analysis of chemical processes that take place in the environment and impact the activities of mankind. The environmental chemistry mainly handles the biochemical and chemical phenomena of environment.
It involves the study of effect of chemical species on the atmosphere and the other materials of surrounding such as on water, air, terrestrial and soil. The key focus is on the fundamental study process for that nature of chemical processes takes place in the environment.
The main application areas of environmental chemistry are as below.
Risk or Hazard assessments of Environmental Impact: The danger factor of the chemicals is figure out for safety of environment. This is detected by different techniques.
Management of Environmental: The environmental Chemistry research the development of new chemical products and their behavior on the environment. The whole life cycle of chemical is utilized for proper handling and storage ways of chemicals that are beneficial for detecting the adverse impact on environment.
Groundwater Protection: The ground water is dirty by dirty soil and waste site leachate. So the pollutant identification is performed in environmental chemistry by understanding the distribution, concentration and fate of harmful chemicals.
Protection of surface water: The outcome of contaminants in the water and sediments phase is calculated for checking the quality of surface water. This is performed by bacteriological processes, sedimentation processes and radiation processes.
Soil Protection: The soil quality is checked by calculating the impact of soil contaminants on the soil. This is analyzed by different eco-toxicological and chemical indicators.
The indicators are the substances which are utilized to analyze the change happen in any system or phenomena and aid to understand complicated realities.
Different types of indicators are employed for detection process.
Some are chemical indicator such as phenolphthalein, methyl-orange etc, health Indicators, environmental Indicators etc. The environmental Indicators use to understand the realities that connect with good or adverse effect on the environment. The particular indicators are utilized for a certain area and certain components.
The principle work of indicators is to quantify and calculate the data of particular changes that occurs due to a certain substance which assists in making decision about the procedure of change and good or dangerous effect of that particular substance on living organism and surrounding.
Like the measurement of pollution level of any pollutants and its impact on eco system or on water, air, land and on health problems. Thus the environmental indicators are the reliable and effective detecting system which analyzing and assessing the damaging impacts of anthropogenic activities on the environment.