What is Industrial Chemistry




Industrial chemistry is a part of the long chain in the manufacturing and design procedure. Industrial chemists handle the design, the ideas, the testing and prototyping of latest industrial products. In order to create something entirely new to aid solve the key problems of the world their important skills are, in-depth knowledge and application of chemistry and creativity with chemicals.

Career Opportunities

Graduates find job in government departments, research, parastatals and production, development institutes, quality control, biotechnology, process industry, pharmaceutical industry, plastics industry, fertilizer production industry, paper industry and pulp, consumer industry, tanning industry, petroleum industry and oil, dyes, textile industry and cosmetics industry, paints industry, glass industry, cement industry, wastewater purification and water purification engineering simply to name a few. 

Industrial Inorganic Chemistry

Industrial inorganic chemistry contains subdivisions of the chemical industry which manufacture inorganic goods on a big scale for example the heavy fertilizers (nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus products) and inorganics (sulfuric acid, chlor-alkalis, sulfates) and segments of fine chemicals that are employed to produce high purity inorganics on a smaller scale. Among these are reagents and raw materials employed in high tech industries, electronics or pharmaceuticals.

Metals tend to be chemicals in a specific sense. They are produced from ores and purified by lots of the same procedures as those employed in the manufacture of inorganics. However, if they are commercialized like alloys or in their real form for example lead, iron, tungsten or copper, they are regarded as products of the metallurgical not chemical industry.

Sources of Inorganic Raw Materials

You can find a variety of sources of raw materials for that manufacture of inorganic chemicals. Not many of them are present in their elemental form. Sulfur is actually a notable exception. It takes place in underground deposits and could be brought to the top by compressed air after it is dissolved by superheated steam.

Industrial Processes in Chemistry

Industrial processes in chemistry are procedures involving mechanical or chemical steps to help in the produce of an item or items, usually performed on a huge scale. Industrial processes are the important components of heavy industry.  

List of industrial processes in chemistry:

General processes

These may be used on their own or as part of a bigger process.

Supercritical drying, Freeze drying - elimination of excess liquid

Liquefaction of gases - for ease of transportation

Scrubber - eliminating of pollution from exhaust gases

Smelting - chemically improving metals

Haber process - chemically binding gaseous nitrogen through the atmosphere to produce ammonia

Pyroprocessing - using heat to chemically mix materials, such as in cement. 

Disinfection - chemical treatment to destroy viruses and bacteria

Physical processes

You can find several physical processes with regard to reshaping a material by folding, cutting, polishing or joining, developed on a big scale from workshop methods.

Casting - shaping of a liquid material by pouring it into moulds and letting it solidify

Forging - the shaping of metal by use of heat and hammer

Progressive stamping - the production of components from a strip or roll

Machining - the mechanical cutting and shaping of metal which involves the loss of the material.

Sandblasting - cleaning of a surface using sand or other particles

Hydroforming - a tube of metal is expanded into a mould under pressure

Soldering, Welding, Brazing - a process for joining metals





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