Golgi apparatus is a stack of membranous bodies known as cisternae. The number of cisternae present in a single stack differs from 6-8. However, you can find certain protists where the number of cisternae can be approximately 60.
Golgi apparatus is one of the crucial organelles present in eukaryotic cells. Directing the proteins and carbohydrates, required by the body, to their appropriate destination is the primary function of this cell organelle.
The main function of Golgi apparatus is to perform processing of proteins produced in the endoplasmic reticulum. Besides processing the proteins, Golgi apparatus also carries them to various parts of cells.
Golgi apparatus, called after the Italian biologist Camillo Golgi, are made up of a stack of about half a dozen sacuoles, whose goal in the cell are to organize and store chemical goods produced in the cell and then to secrete these exterior the cell.
The size and number of Golgi apparatus seen in a cell depends upon the quantity of chemicals made in the cell. The greater chemicals, the more and larger apparatus. For instance, a large number of Golgi apparatus are located in cells that create saliva and other materials with regard to digestion.
The Golgi apparatus is located in the cytoplasm of the cell it is actually a free floating structure. They are found during the cell so they could package protein more efficiently.
Golgi apparatus, also called Golgi complex or Golgi body, network of stacked sacs within nucleated cells that package, store and distribute the lipids and proteins produced in the endoplasmic reticulum.
The Golgi apparatus was very first explained by Italian anatomist Camillo Golgi in the late nineteenth century. Positioned near the nucleus, each apparatus contains a stack of 6 or 7 flattened, cisternae or membrane-bound sacs, each divided by a narrow space. The Golgi apparatus is cup shaped having the cis cisterna or convex end, facing the cell nucleus and the concave end or trans cisterna, facing the cell surface.
Lipids and proteins produced in the endoplasmic reticulum bud off in small, hollow structures or vesicles and fuse with the cis cisterna of the Golgi apparatus. The lipids and proteins move progressively from the stack of cisternae till they reach the trans cisterna. There they may be changed by the attachment of carbohydrates or lipids.